|933||Eretz Israel||The Kingdom previously united by King David is now divided into two separate
kingdoms. The Kingdom of Judah in the South includes Jerusalem from 933 until 586
BCE. The Kingdom of Israel to the north of Jerusalem in Samaria and Galilee from 933
until 722 BCE.
|933||Rehoboam/Judah||Rehoboam (Rehavam), son of Solomon, King of the Kingdom of Judah in 933, rules
until 917 BCE. “Rehoboam came to Jerusalem and gathered together the entire House
of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin…to return the kingship to Rehoboam son of
Solomon.” (I Kings 12:21).
|Map 5. Division into Two Kingdoms 933 BCEThe rivalry for the central position of Jerusalem strains the relationship between Judah
and Israel. “There was warfare between Rehoboam and Jeraboam, all the days.” (I Kings 14:30). Judah, whose capital Jerusalem is traditionally the more important
religious domain of the two; while Israel, spanning the northern, milder and wetter
climatic zone, is wealthier from the sale of its agricultural produce (fruits and wheat).
One-thousand years later Josephus Flavius will describe the beauty and wealth of the
Galilee. “For the whole area (of Galilee) is excellent for crops and pasture and rich in
trees of every kind, so that by its fertility invites even those least inclined to work on the
land. In fact, every inch of it has been cultivated by the inhabitants and not a parcel goes
to waste”. (Josephus Flavius).
|933||Jeraboam/Shehem||Jeraboam (Yeravam) son of Nebat, King of Israel (933-912 BCE). “Jeraboam built
Shehem in the Mountain of Ephraim.” (I Kings 12:25). The rivalry between the two
Kingdoms, Israel and Judah weakens their stand against potential enemies as they